Windows Server 2016 的升级和转换选项

0

本主题包含有关升级到 Windows Server 信息® 2016 从各种使用多种方法以前的操作系统。This topic includes information about upgrading to Windows Server® 2016 from a variety of previous operating systems using a variety of methods.
根据哪个操作系统开头你和你拍摄的小路,移至 Windows Server 2016 的进程可能会大大有所不同。The process of moving to Windows Server 2016 might vary greatly depending on which operating system you are starting with and the pathway you take. 我们使用以下条款来区分每种可能在新的 Windows Server 2016 部署涉及到的不同操作。We use the following terms to distinguish among different actions, any of which could be involved in a new Windows Server 2016 deployment.

  • 安装是基本概念,在你的硬件上获取新的操作系统。Installation is the basic concept of getting the new operating system on your hardware. 具体来说,清洁安装需要删除以前的操作系统。Specifically, a clean installation requires deleting the previous operating system. 有关安装 Windows Server 2016 的信息,请参阅系统要求和安装信息 Windows Server 2016.For information about installing Windows Server 2016, see System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server 2016. 有关安装其他版本的 Windows Server 的信息,请参阅Windows Server 安装和升级。For information about installing other versions of Windows Server, see Windows Server Installation and Upgrade.
  • 迁移意味着传输到另一组的硬件或虚拟机移动到 Windows Server 2016 从你现有的操作系统。Migration means moving from your existing operating system to Windows Server 2016 by transferring to a different set of hardware or virtual machine. 在进行详细讨论迁移,可能会因相当已安装的服务器角色,Windows Server 安装、升级和迁移。Migration, which might vary considerably depending on the server roles you have installed, is discussed in detail at Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.
  • 组操作系统推出升级是在使管理员才能够从 Windows Server 2012 R2 Windows Server 2016 没有停止 Hyper-V 或规模文件服务器工作负载。Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade is a new feature in Windows Server 2016 that enables an administrator to upgrade the operating system of the cluster nodes from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 without stopping the Hyper-V or the Scale-Out File Server workloads. 此功能允许你为避免中断,从而可能影响服务电量协议时间。This feature allows you to avoid downtime which could impact Service Level Agreements. 此新功能讨论更详细地介绍群集操作系统滚动升级。This new feature is discussed in more detail at Cluster operating system rolling upgrade.
  • 许可转换在某些操作系统版本,你可以将的特定版本的发布转换为另一个版本中使用简单的命令和相应许可证密钥单步执行相同版本。License conversion In some operating system releases, you can convert a particular edition of the release to another edition of the same release in a single step with a simple command and the appropriate license key. 我们将此"许可证转换"。We call this “license conversion.” 例如,如果你运行的 Windows Server 2016 标准,你可以将其转换为 Windows Server 2016 数据中心。For example, if you are running Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert it to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter.
  • 升级意味着你现有的操作系统从中转移发布到较新版本时,保持同一硬件上。Upgrade means moving from your existing operating system release to a more recent release while staying on the same hardware. (这是有时称为"位置"升级。)例如,如果你服务器运行的 Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2,你可以将其升级到 Windows Server 2016。(This is sometimes called "in-place" upgrade.) For example, if your server is running Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2012 R2, you can upgrade it to Windows Server 2016. 你可以从评估的操作系统版本升级到零售版本,从较早的零售版本较新版本,或在某些情况下,从到普通零售版本操作系统的批量许可版本。You can upgrade from an evaluation version of the operating system to a retail version, from an older retail version to a newer version, or, in some cases, from a volume-licensed edition of the operating system to an ordinary retail edition.
重要
升级在虚拟机了特定 OEM 硬件的驱动程序不需要成功升级的工作效果最佳。Upgrade works best in virtual machines where specific OEM hardware drivers are not needed for a successful upgrade.
重要
版本的 Windows Server 2016 之前 14393.0.161119 1705。RS1_REFRESH,只能执行评估转换为零售与 Windows Server 2016 程序通过使用桌面体验选项(不服务器核心已安装选项)。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 正在使用版本 14393.0.161119-1705 年启动。RS1_REFRESH 和更高版本,你可以将评估版本转换为零售无论用于安装选项。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.
重要
在升级,然后再重新启用它升级后完成之前禁用 NIC 组合服务器使用 NIC 组合,如果。If your server uses NIC Teaming, disable NIC Teaming prior to upgrade, and then re-enable it after upgrade is complete. 请参阅NIC 组合概述有关详细信息。See NIC Teaming Overview for details.

升级到 Windows Server 2016 的以前的零售版本的 Windows ServerUpgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016

下表简要概述,其中已授权(即,不评估)的 Windows 操作系统可以升级到哪些版本的 Windows Server 2016。The table below briefly summarizes which already licensed (that is, not evaluation) Windows operating systems can be upgraded to which editions of Windows Server 2016.
请注意为受支持的路径以下一般指南:Note the following general guidelines for supported paths:

  • 不支持从 32 位 64 位到体系结构升级。Upgrades from 32-bit to 64-bit architectures are not supported. Windows Server 2016 的所有版本仅都是 64 位。All editions of Windows Server 2016 are 64-bit only.
  • 从一种语言升级到另一个均不支持。Upgrades from one language to another are not supported.
  • 如果该服务器域控制器,请参阅升级到 Windows Server 2012 R2 和 Windows Server 2012有关的重要信息。If the server is a domain controller, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 for important information.
  • 不支持从的 Windows Server 2016 的预发布版本(预览)的升级。Upgrades from pre-release versions (previews) of Windows Server 2016 are not supported. 执行干净安装到 Windows Server 2016。Perform a clean installation to Windows Server 2016.
  • 不支持从服务器核心安装切换到服务器的桌面安装(反之亦然)的升级。Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported.
  • 从以前的 Windows Server 安装升级到 Windows Server 的试用版不支持。Upgrades from a previous Windows Server installation to an evaluation copy of Windows Server are not supported. 作为干净安装,应安装评估版本。Evaluation versions should be installed as a clean installation.

如果你未看到你左列中的当前版本,不支持升级到此版本的 Windows Server 2016。If you do not see your current version in the left column, upgrading to this release of Windows Server 2016 is not supported.
如果你看到的右列中的多个版本,则升级到任一版本相同的起始版本中受支持。If you see more than one edition in the right column, upgrading to either edition from the same starting version is supported.

如果你运行的此版本:If you are running this edition: 你可以升级到这些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
Windows Server 2012 标准Windows Server 2012 Standard Windows Server 2016 标准或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 数据中心Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Server 2016 标准或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 数据中心Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials Windows Server 2016 软件包Windows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows 存储 Server 2012 标准Windows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows 存储 Server 2016 标准Windows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows 存储 Server 2012 工作组中Windows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows 存储 Server 2016 工作组中Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows 存储 Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows 存储 Server 2016 标准Windows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows 存储 Server 2012 R2 工作组中Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows 存储 Server 2016 工作组中Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

有关升级的每个 server 角色注意事项Per-server-role considerations for upgrading

支持的升级路径零售旧版 Windows Server 2016 到,即使是在已安装某些服务器角色可能需要额外的准备或多个操作为到角色将继续在升级后正常工作。Even in supported upgrade paths from previous retail versions to Windows Server 2016, certain server roles that are already installed might require additional preparation or actions for the role to continue functioning after the upgrade. 每个服务器角色想要的详细信息的额外步骤来可能需要先升级的信息,请参阅 TechNet 库特定主题。Consult the specific TechNet Library topics for each server role you intend to upgrade for details of additional steps that might be required.

将当前的评估版本转换为当前的零售版Converting a current evaluation version to a current retail version

你可以将 Windows Server 2016 标准评估版本转换为 Windows Server 2016 标准(零售)或 Datacenter(零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard to either Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail). 同样,你可以将评估版本的 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 转换到零售版本。Similarly, you can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter to the retail version.

重要
版本的 Windows Server 2016 之前 14393.0.161119 1705。RS1_REFRESH,你只能执行此评估转换为使用的桌面体验的选项(不服务器核心选项)已安装的 Windows Server 2016 的零售。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform this conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 正在使用版本 14393.0.161119-1705 年启动。RS1_REFRESH 和更高版本,你可以将评估版本转换为零售无论用于安装选项。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

尝试将从评估转换为零售之前,验证你服务器实际上运行评估版本。Before you attempt to convert from evaluation to retail, verify that your server is actually running an evaluation version. 若要执行此操作,请执行以下操作:To do this, do either of the following:

  • 从提升了权限的命令提示符中运行slmgr.vbs /dlv;评估版本将包含在输出中的"EVAL"。From an elevated command prompt, run slmgr.vbs /dlv; evaluation versions will include “EVAL” in the output.
  • 从开始屏幕上,打开“控制面板”From the Start screen, open Control Panel. 打开系统和安全,然后系统Open System and Security, and then System. 查看的 Windows 激活区域中的 Windows 激活状态系统页面。View Windows activation status in the Windows activation area of the System page. 单击查看详细信息中有关你的 Windows 激活状态的更多信息 Windows 激活。Click View details in Windows activation for more information about your Windows activation status.

如果你已经激活 Windows,的桌面上未显示在试用期剩余时间。If you have already activated Windows, the Desktop shows the time remaining in the evaluation period.
如果该服务器运行的而不是试用版零售版本,请参阅"2016 年升级到 Windows Server Windows Server 2016"部分中的本主题,若要升级到 Windows Server 2016 的说明。If the server is running a retail version instead of an evaluation version, see the “Upgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016” section of this topic for instructions to upgrade to Windows Server 2016.
对于Windows Server 2016 Essentials:你可以通过在命令输入零售、批量许可证或 OEM 密钥转换为完整的零售版slmgr.vbsFor Windows Server 2016 Essentials: You can convert to the full retail version by entering a retail, volume license, or OEM key in the command slmgr.vbs.
如果该服务器运行的 Windows Server 2016 标准版或 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 评估版,你可以将其转换为零售版本,如下所示:If the server is running an evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard or Windows Server 2016 Datacenter, you can convert it to a retail version as follows:

  1. 如果该服务器域控制器,无法将其转换到零售版本。If the server is a domain controller, you cannot convert it to a retail version. 在此情况下,在服务器上运行的零售版安装额外的域控制器,并从评估版本运行的域控制器删除广告 DS。In this case, install an additional domain controller on a server that runs a retail version and remove AD DS from the domain controller that runs on the evaluation version. 有关详细信息,请参阅升级到 Windows Server 2012 R2 和 Windows Server 2012 的域控制器。For more information, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012.
  2. 请阅读许可条款。Read the license terms.
  3. 从提升了权限的命令提示符下,确定使用命令的当前版本名称DISM /online /Get-CurrentEditionFrom an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 记下版本 ID,版名称的缩写形式。Make note of the edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然后运行DISM /online /Set-Edition: \ < 版本 ID\ > /ProductKey: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula,提供的版本 ID 和零售产品密钥。Then run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID and a retail product key. 将两次重新启动的服务器。The server will restart twice.

评估版本的 Windows Server 2016 标准,也可以转换到零售版本的 Windows Server 2016 数据中心一次使用该相同的命令和相应的产品密钥。For the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can also convert to the retail version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter in one step using this same command and the appropriate product key.

提示更多信息 Dism.exe,请参阅DISM 命令行选项。Tip For more information about Dism.exe, see DISM Command-line options.

将当前的零售版转换为不同的当前零售版本Converting a current retail edition to a different current retail edition

每次安装 Windows Server 2016 后,你可以运行修复安装(有时称为"就地修复")的设置或在某些情况下,将转换为其他版本。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can run Setup to repair the installation (sometimes called “repair in place”) or, in certain cases, to convert to a different edition. 你可以运行了安装在任意版本的 Windows Server 2016; 执行"修复就地"结果将是您开始使用相同的版本。You can run Setup to perform a “repair in place” on any edition of Windows Server 2016; the result will be the same edition you started with.
适用于 Windows Server 2016 标准,你可以将系统转换为 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter,如下所示:从提升了权限的命令提示,确定使用命令的当前版本名称DISM /online /Get-CurrentEditionFor Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert the system to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter as follows: From an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 这将是适用于 Windows Server 2016 标准ServerStandardFor Windows Server 2016 Standard this will be ServerStandard. 运行命令DISM /online /Get-TargetEditions获取可以升级到版本 ID。Run the command DISM /online /Get-TargetEditions to get the ID of the edition you can upgrade to. 记下此版本 ID,版名称的缩写形式。Make note of this edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然后运行DISM /online /Set-Edition: \ < 版本 ID\ > /ProductKey: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula,提供的版本 ID 你目标和其零售产品密钥。Then run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID of your target and its retail product key. 将两次重新启动的服务器。The server will restart twice.

将当前的零售版转换为当前的批量许可版本Converting a current retail version to a current volume-licensed version

在任何时候安装 Windows Server 2016 后,你可以自由之间进行转换它零售版本,批量许可的版本或 OEM 版本。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can freely convert it between a retail version, a volume-licensed version, or an OEM version. 版本此转换期间保持不变。The edition remains the same during this conversion. 如果你从开始评估版本,首先,将其转换到零售版本,然后间转换此处所述。If you are starting with an evaluation version, convert it to the retail version first, and then you can inter-convert as described here.
为此,请从提升了权限的命令提示符中运行:slmgr /ipk \ < key\ >To do this, from an elevated command prompt, run: slmgr /ipk <key>
其中 \ < key\ > 是相应批量许可、零售或 OEM 产品密钥。

古之立大事者,不惟有超世之才,亦必有坚忍不拔之志。

发表评论

Logo
注册新帐户
重设密码